- Ollantaytambo is located an hour and a half from cusco by car 94 km on a paved road with little traffic
- Its climate is temperate baria between 17 ° for the day and 10 ° for the night depending on the time of the year
Ollantaytambo also called living Inca people was a strategic military, agricultural and religious center to administer and control the Sacred Valley of the Incas; this is deduced by the constructions that presumably were for agricultural deposits and for military use as walls and watchtowers (probably to protect themselves from the jungle ethnic groups). There are 150 steps that separate the summit from the lower part and you can see the perfect carving of the stones, obviously dedicated to the cult of water, with great similarity to those of Tipón (South Valley of Cusco). This place was the ceremonial center of water purification and worship. The archaeological site comprises a series of overlapping terraces, showing the impressive and large stone blocks finely carved and located on the upper terrace (Temple of the Sun).
The Inca remains in Ollantaytambo are vestiges of the town that Pachacutec ordered to build, after subduing its inhabitants and conquering these lands, imposing agricultural infrastructure works, composed of hundreds of platforms and channels to secure the farmlands, checkpoints and vigilance in the tops of the hills, domestic and ceremonial buildings. They also built a bridge to connect the town with the Inca Trail, and built urban satellites on the route to Machu Picchu.
The Plaza Manyaraqui with its fountains is believed to have been part of a center to pay homage to water. On Cerro Pinkuylluna or Tunupa, there are huge stone constructions, of 2 or 3 floors, which are presumed to be agricultural deposits (colcas) or lookouts. There is also an enormous stone that resembles the face of an Inca, watching Ollantaytambo.
The town of Ollantaytambo is called “Living Inca City” because its inhabitants live according to uses and customs inherited from their ancestors. From Ollantaytambo, it is possible to visit the town of Willoc, where Quechua is spoken, and whose red and black clothes are similar to Huayruro, a red and black seed used as an amulet. Ollantaytambo is the only Inca city that is still occupied by local families. All the design and structure of the original Inca town is evident in the fifteen blocks that make up the town.
Cosas que hacer en Ollantaytambo
There are many things to do in Ollantaytambo. First you can visit the archaeological site that is 10 minutes walk from the central square. for this you need to buy a tourist ticket they sell it is the same place that costs partial s / 70 that includes 3 more places that are in the sacred valley such as moray, chincheros and Pisac and If you have more time or you have a full day you can take a taxi to take you to those other places are really amazing.
You can also do a walk to the mountain of pinkulluna that is on the right margin of the main square of the town this mountain has small trails so be very careful as it is a steep mountain.
This will take one to two hours of walking If you have more time and want to do a longer walk you have the option of going to the cachiccata or pumamarca quarries that are 5 km from the town, it will take you an average of 4 to 5 hours round trip along a beautiful Inca trail and as not with the views of the sacred valley all along the way you will find many Inca terraces and crops If you are more adventurous and like adventure, you can take some of the adventure tours offered in the area such as horseback riding, canoeing, zipline, ATVs, or guided walks or simply spend a moment of relaxation in one of the 1000 tourist restaurants in the town.